How Do I Respond to a Divorce Summons in Massachusetts?

To respond to a Divorce summons in Massachusetts:

  1. Review the summons and divorce papers carefully.
  2. Understand the deadline for response (typically 20 days).
  3. Consult an attorney for legal advice.
  4. Gather necessary financial documents.
  5. Complete the official response form.
  6. File your response in the correct court.
  7. Serve a copy to your spouse or their attorney.
  8. Address specific divorce issues like property division.
  9. Attend court hearings if required.
  10. Consider negotiation and settlement with legal guidance.


Facing a divorce is never easy, but knowing how to respond to a divorce summons in Massachusetts is a crucial first step towards protecting your rights and interests. Whether you’re seeking affordable legal help or planning to navigate the process on your own, this guide will provide you with valuable insights into the divorce proceedings in the Massachusetts Family Court.

Understanding the
Divorce Summons

When your spouse files for divorce, they will serve you with divorce papers, including a divorce complaint and a summons. The divorce complaint outlines the reasons for the divorce and the relief sought, while the summons notifies you of the legal action. You should receive a copy of the complaint and the summons, which will provide you with essential information about the case. Understanding these documents is crucial, as they set the stage for your response.

Timely Response is Critical

In Massachusetts, you typically have 20 days from the date you receive the divorce summons to respond. Failing to respond within this time frame can have serious consequences, including the court potentially granting your spouse’s requested terms by default. If you’re unable to meet the deadline due to valid reasons, it’s essential to seek legal advice promptly to explore your options and request an extension if necessary.

Gathering Necessary Information

Review the divorce papers carefully to identify key dates, deadlines, and instructions for responding. Ensure you have a complete copy of the summons, complaint, and any other attached documents. Collect all relevant financial documents, such as:

  • bank account statements,
  • credit card statements, and
  • tax returns.

These will be crucial when addressing property division, alimony, child support, and other financial matters during the divorce proceedings.

Consultation with an Affordable Massachusetts Attorney

An affordable divorce is possible. At Afford Law, our fees are based on your income, so the less you earn, the less you pay. Our mission is to provide experienced legal help you can afford.

If you can’t afford our lower rates for a traditional attorney-client relationship, you have another option. Our legal coaching service can save you money and still give you access to a skilled attorney. In this arrangement, you represent yourself in court while we work with you behind the scenes to prepare you every step of the way. This service is available to you for one low monthly fee.

Drafting Your Response

Your Answer to the divorce complaint is a critical legal document that requires careful attention. It should address the allegations made in the complaint and may include affirmative defenses or counterclaims. The response should be filed using the official form provided by the Massachusetts Probate and Family Court. Be sure to follow the court’s formatting guidelines, including font size, color contrast, and margins. Accuracy and clarity in your response are essential.

Filing Your Response

To officially respond to the divorce complaint, you’ll need to file your completed paperwork with the appropriate court. Massachusetts has several Probate and Family Courts throughout the state, so ensure you file your response in the correct jurisdiction. Once your response is filed, you’ll need to serve it on your spouse or their attorney.

Legal Considerations in Your Response

Your response should address the specific issues raised in the divorce complaint. Massachusetts recognizes both fault and no-fault divorce grounds, but it’s crucial to consider the most appropriate legal strategy for your case. Be prepared to discuss matters such as:

  • child custody,
  • alimony,
  • property division, and
  • child support,

keeping the best interests of any children involved at the forefront of your negotiations.

Attending Court Hearings

As your divorce case progresses, you may be required to attend court hearings. These hearings play a crucial role in determining the outcome of your divorce. Be prepared to present your case, provide evidence, and negotiate with your spouse or their attorney. We’ll guide you through this process and ensure your rights are protected.

Negotiation and Settlement

Many divorce cases in Massachusetts are resolved through negotiation and settlement rather than going to trial. If possible, try to work with your spouse to reach an amicable agreement that addresses your respective needs and desires. Mediation and collaborative divorce options can be effective in achieving mutually satisfactory outcomes.


Responding to a divorce summons in Massachusetts is a significant step in the legal process. Understanding your rights, gathering the necessary information, and seeking legal advice when needed are crucial for a successful outcome. Remember that affordable legal help is available, and consulting with an experienced family law attorney can be the single most important decision you make during this challenging time. Protect your legal rights and achieve the best possible terms for your divorce case.

Legal Disclaimer

This article is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Please consult with an attorney to discuss your specific circumstances and receive tailored guidance.

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