What is a 209A in Massachusetts?

Massachusetts judge on bench considering 209A Order.

A 209A in Massachusetts refers to a protective order under Chapter 209A of the Massachusetts General Laws, aimed at preventing domestic violence. It allows individuals facing abuse from a family or household member to seek court protection. The order can mandate the abuser to stop the abuse, avoid any contact with the victim, and stay away from the victim’s home or workplace. It may also address custody of minors and financial support. This legal measure is essential for the safety and well-being of individuals experiencing domestic violence.

What is a 209A Protective Order?

The 209A Protective Order, under the Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 209A, is a civil court order intended to protect victims of domestic violence from their abusers. This order is applicable when the abuser is a family or household member, including those in a:

  • marriage,
  • substantive dating, or engagement relationship, or
  • related by blood.

It’s a crucial step towards ensuring your safety and can include provisions to cease abuse, avoid contact, and stay away from the victim’s home or workplace.

How to Apply for a 209A Order

Filing for a 209A Protective Order involves submitting an application at your local district court, family court, or superior court. The process begins with filling out detailed forms, available at all court clerks’ offices. These forms ask for sensitive information about:

  • your relationship with the abuser,
  • descriptions of the most recent abuse, and
  • any criminal charges or harassment prevention orders previously filed.

It’s advisable to include any hospital records of injuries or police reports to strengthen your case.

Temporary and
Permanent Orders

A judge can issue a temporary 209A order, often granted ex parte (without your abuser being there), providing immediate protection. This temporary order lasts until the court hearing for the permanent order, usually scheduled within 10 business days. At this second hearing, both you and your abuser have the opportunity to present your cases. An extended order may be issued if the judge believes there’s a substantial likelihood of immediate danger of abuse.

Criminal Charges
and Complaints

If your abuser violates the 209A order, it’s a criminal offense. You should report any violations to the police department immediately. Law enforcement can arrest your abuser based on a violation, leading to criminal charges and possibly jail time. It’s important to always carry a copy of the order with you as proof for the police.

Importance of
Legal Representation

While you can file for a 209A order without an attorney, having experienced legal representation can significantly impact the outcome. An attorney can help draft your application, prepare you for your court date, and represent you during the hearing process. Legal services may also assist in addressing related issues such as child support, divorce, or custody if applicable.

At Afford Law, we understand that paying for an attorney can be expensive. That’s why we use a sliding scale. Our fees are based on your income. The less you earn, the less you pay. Our mission is to provide experienced legal help you can afford.

The Role of the Police and
Law Enforcement

Police officers play a critical role in enforcing 209A orders. They can provide emergency protection and arrest your abuser for order violations. It’s vital to report any incidents of physical abuse, sexual assault, or threats of harm to your local police department to ensure your safety and the effectiveness of the order.

Civil vs. Criminal Proceedings

Understanding the difference between civil and criminal proceedings is essential. While a 209A order is a civil order aimed at preventing future abuse, criminal proceedings may occur if the abuser commits criminal acts or violates the protective order. These two legal paths operate together but serve different purposes: one for immediate protection and the other for prosecuting criminal behavior.

Resources and Support

Numerous resources are available to victims of domestic violence, including:

  • court advocates,
  • legal services for the indigent, and
  • organizations offering safety planning and emotional support.

Don’t hesitate to reach out for help, whether through a phone call, text message, or contact form on a legal website. Remember, you’re not alone, and there are professionals ready to support you every step of the way.

Free Consultation and Legal Help

If you or someone you know is facing domestic violence and needs help obtaining a 209A Protective Order in Massachusetts, please contact our office for a free consultation. Our commitment is to provide compassionate, affordable legal assistance to ensure your safety and navigate the legal system effectively.


A 209A Protective Order is a vital tool for victims of abuse seeking safety and justice. While the process may seem challenging, understanding your rights and the steps involved can empower you to take action. With the right support and legal guidance, you can navigate this challenging time and move towards a safer future.

Legal Disclaimer

This article is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Please consult with an attorney to discuss your specific circumstances and receive tailored guidance.

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